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Vancouver Referencing Guide

Print

Citation order

Author/Editor. Title(italics). Series title and number. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication

Example Reference list item:

Andraos, J. The Algebra of Organic Synthesis: Green Metrics, Design Strategy, Route Selection, and Optimization. United States of America: CRC Press;2011.

Online / electronic

Citation order

Author/Editor. Title (italics). Series title and number. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Available from: URL [Date of access]

Example Reference list item:

Andraos, J. The Algebra of Organic Synthesis: Green Metrics, Design Strategy, Route Selection, and Optimization. United States of America: CRC Press;2011 Available from: https://www.crcpress.com/The-Algebra-of-Organic-Synthesis-Green-Metrics-Design-Strategy-Route/Andraos/p/book/9781420093285 [Accessed 28th September 2016].

Chapter in an edited book

Citation order

Author of the chapter. Author of the chapter. In: Editor (eds.) Title (italics). Series title and number. Edition, Place of publication: Publisher;Year of publication. p.(page numbers).

Example Reference list item:

Czepiel, J.A. & Kerin, R.A. Competitor Analysis. In: Shankar, V. & Carpenter, G.S. (eds.) Handbook of Marketing Strategy. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited;2011. p. 41-58.

Print

Citation order

Author. Title of journal article. Title of journal (italics) Year of publication;Volume number(Issue number):Page numbers of the article

Example Reference list item:

Almansour, B.Y. Empirical Model for Predicting Financial Failure. American Journal of Economics Finance and Management 2015;1(3): 113–124.

online / electronic

If you read the article in a full-text database service, such as Factiva or EBSCO, and do not have a DOI or direct URL to the article you should use the database URL. Author. Title of journal article. Title of journal(italics). Year of publication; Volume number(Issue number): Page numbers of the article. Available from: URL or DOI [Date of access]

Example Reference list item:

Abdollahi, M., Arvan, M. & Razmi, J. An integrated approach for supplier portfolio selection: Lean or agile? Expert Systems with Applications. 2015;42 (1): 679–690. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0957417414004953 [Accessed 7th Feb 2017]. Abdel-Wahab, M.S., Dainty, A.R.J., Ison, S.G., Bowen, P. & Hazlehurst, G. Trends of skills and productivity in the UK construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 2008;15 (1):372–382.Available from: doi: 10.1108/09699980810886865 [Accessed 7th Feb 2017].

Pre-print journal articles

Author/s. Title of journal article. Submitted to/To be published in. Title of journal (in italics). Name of repository (in italics). [Preprint] Year of writing. Available from: URL. [Date of access]

Example Reference list item:

Wahlstrom, N., Schon, T.B. & Deisenroth, M.P. From Pixels to Torques: Policy Learning with Deep Dynamical Models. To be published in Physical Review. B. Arxiv. [Preprint] 2015. Available from: https://arxiv.org/abs/1502.02251 [Accessed 7th Feb 2017].

Conference proceeding: individual paper

Citation order

Author. Title of conference paper. In: Editor/Organisation. Title. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. p. page numbers

Example Reference list item:

Patil, G., Nema, M.K. & Shrivastava, A. Structural Design Of Tall Ndct Based On Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Experimental Studies On Group Of Towers. In: Iyer, N. R., Krishna, P., Rajan, S. S. and Harikrishna, P. (eds.). Proceeding of the 8th Asia-Pacific Conference on Wind Engineering, 2013, Singapore:Research Publishing; 2013. p. 353–363.

Report

Citation order

Name of Standard Body/Institution. Standard number. Title (italics). Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

Example Reference list item:

British Standards Institution. Project management. Guide to project management. London:BSI; 2016

Report

Citation order

Author/Editor. Title (italics). Organisation. Report number, Year of publication.

Example Reference list item:

Burgoyne, J., Hirsh, W. & Williams, S. The Development of Management and Leadership Capability and its Contribution to Performance: The evidence, the prospects and the research need. Department for Education and Skills. Report number: 560.2004

Report

Citation order

Author/Editor. Title (italics). Available from: URL [Date of access]

Example Reference list item:

Tata Consultancy Services. Business Process Services. Available from: http://www.tcs.com/business-process-services/Pages/banking.aspx [Accessed 7th Feb 2017].

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