Describe the features of the major types of dyssomnias: primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, and circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

Describe the features of the major types of dyssomnias: primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, and circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

Describe the features of the major types of dyssomnias: primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, and circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

DYSSOMNIAS – DEFINITION

A broad range of specific sleeping disorder is referred to as Dyssomnias, where it features includes difficulty in getting enough sleep, wakefulness, remaining asleep throughout the night, waking up too early, complaining about the quality of sleep and timing of sleep. All these features could lead to daytime drowsiness, inability to concentrate or freshness.

Insomnia

Common Sleep disorders, where difficulty in initiating the sleep, maintaining sleep or non-restorative sleep and awakening frequently during the night time. Under the category of insomnia there are different types and following are the same.

Primary Insomnia

Primary Insomnia related to any other unrelated condition, which is a rare phenomenon. Its features include, Unrealistic expectation about sleep

Lack of sleep will be more disruptive than the usually.

Primary hypersomnia

Hypersomnia is a problem related to excessive sleep or too much sleeping while primary hypersomnia would be unrelated to any other condition, which is a rare phenomenon.

Its features include complaining of sleeping throughout the day, but the person may sleep throughout the night.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is associated with cataplexy, which precipitated by strong emotion and uncontrollable episodes of daytime sleepiness or excessive sleepiness.

Its features include Sleep paralysis; Hypnagogic hallucinations improve over time, Cataplexy

Daytime sleepiness would not be remitted without the treatment.

Breathing-related sleeps disorder

Breathing-related sleep disorder is associated with restricted air flow or brief cessation of breathing with the complaints of sleepiness during the day or disrupted sleep at night

Its features include Apnea problem would be aware minimally by the person, Snore, morning headache, occurrence of sweat during sleep, frequent awake, experience many episodes of falling asleep during the day

Circadian rhythm sleeps disorder

Circadian rhythm sleep disorder is associated with excessive sleepiness or insomnia due to brain inability to synchronize day and night.

Its features include

  • Time zones syndrome cause sleep problems such as Jet lags
  • Due to changing work schedules cause sleep problem such as shift works
  • Non-24hr sleep wakes disorders
  • Advanced sleep phase disorders
  • Delayed sleep phase disorders

References

Chapter 8. (n.y). Dyssomnias. Retrieved online on December 4, 2009, from http://www.abac.edu/PSYC2201/outline/Ch8.pdf


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